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  • Writer's pictureNick Lamb, PhD

Journal Club #1: ChatGPT in Medicine

Welcome to the Medcopywriter Journal Club! In the inaugural post we look at a paper that discusses potential uses of ChatGPT in healthcare and medicine.

ChatGPT in medicine


Dave T, et al. ChatGPT in medicine: an overview of its applications, advantages, limitations, future prospects, and ethical considerations. Front Artif Intell. 2023;6:1169595.


This article, published in the journal Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence, discusses some of the potential applications and ethical considerations of ChatGPT in healthcare and medicine.


ChatGPT is an advanced AI language model developed by OpenAI that can generate human-like text responses to prompts.

ChatGPT has a number of potential applications in medical writing, including:

  • Assisting in literature reviews

  • Identifying research topics

  • Generating summaries

More broadly, ChatGPT could also be used to aid diagnosis, clinical decision support, patient monitoring and education, and help manage health info and medications.

However, it also poses ethical and legal concerns, such as copyright infringement and inaccuracies in generated content. The accuracy of AI-generated text is dependent on training data quality, and there is a risk of incorrect outputs leading to legal issues. Other limitations include biases, lack of transparency, and difficulties in clarifying ambiguous prompts.

Key quote

"Overcoming the current limitations of ChatGPT, such as improving and training the chatbot to provide 100% accurate and unbiased information from the sources, is essential to address the accountability concerns that have prevented the majority of journals from allowing ChatGPT as an author."


  • The article provides a balanced review of the major pros and cons of generative AI in healthcare and medicine

  • While the paper examines some of the potential applications and ethical considerations of ChatGPT, the authors fail to mention other AI language models, such as Bard, Bing, Claude or Gemini

  • More recent developments such as custom GPTs, which can allow you to create administrative assistants, online tutors, virtual patients, and more, are also not discussed

  • It would have been interesting to learn how medical communications agencies are using generative AI; in particular, medical writers

  • Finally, I'd like to have seen some example prompts within the article

What are your thoughts on the role of ChatGPT in medical writing? What policies or safeguards should be put in place as this technology continues advancing? Let us know in the comments!


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